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Pain after cardiac surgery

A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of an intervention to enhance patients’ pain management after discharge from cardiac surgery.

Heart pain

There is further a need for more knowledge about when and how the specialist health care services can educate patients to manage pain after surgery. Photo: Colourbox

About the project

Today, high-quality pain management after surgery depends on increased involvement from patients and their family members, and patients are required to take care of their own pain management after discharge to their home. There is further a need for more knowledge about when and how the specialist health care services can educate patients to manage pain after surgery.

Background

Patients discharged from hospital after cardiac surgery needs more education and following up to secure sufficient pain management. Therefore the main objective of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention in patients after discharge from hospital following cardiac surgery.

Objectives

  1. Evaluate the effect of the intervention compared to a group of patients given usual care regarding: pain intensity and pain-related interference with function.
  2. Evaluate the incidence of persistent chronic pain (pain duration ≥ 3 months) after cardiac surgery and related risk factors.

Financing

  • South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority (2012030)

Cooperation

  • University of Toronto, Canada
  • Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences

Start -finish

2012 - 2016

Publications

  • Bjørnnes AK, Rustøen T, Lie I, Watt-Watson J, & Leegaard M. (2016). Pain characteristics and analgesic intake before and following cardiac surgery. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 15(1), 47-54. doi:10.1177/1474515114550441
  • Bjørnnes AK, Parry M, Lie I, Fagerland MW, Watt-Watson J, Rustøen T, Stubbhaug A, & Leegard M. (2016). The impact of an educational pain management booklet intervention on postoperative pain control after discharge from cardiac surgery. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. Feb 6 [Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1177/1474515116631680
  • Bjørnnes AK, Parry M, Lie I, Fagerland MW, Watt-Watson J, Rustøen T, Stubbhaug A, & Leegard M. (2016). Pain experiences of men and women after cardiac surgery. Journal of Clinical Nursing. April 5 [Epub ahead of print] doi:10.1111/jocn.13329
Published Aug. 22, 2016 1:06 PM - Last modified Aug. 22, 2016 1:12 PM

Contact

Project leader Tone Rustøen

Participants

  • Tone Rustøen
  • Audun Stubhaug
  • Ann Kristin Bjørnnes
  • Judy Watt-Watson, University of Toronto, Canada
  • Monica Parry, University of Toronto, Canada
  • Marit Leegaard, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences
  • Morten Wang Fagerland
  • Irene Lie, OUS
Detailed list of participants