Vidar Gundersen

Image of Vidar Gundersen
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47-22851496
Room 1293
Visiting address Sognsvannsveien 9 Domus Medica 0372 OSLO
Postal address Postboks 1105 Blindern 0317 OSLO

Academic interests

  • Release, synaptic handling of neuro- and gliotransmitters in the brain
  • Pathophysiology of microglia
  • Novel mechanisms of development of Parkinson’s disease

Higher education and employment history

  • M.D. University of Oslo (UiO) 1989
  • PhD 1996 (UiO)
  • Postdoc 2003 at Department of Cell Biology and Morphology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Group leader Synaptic Neurochemistry Laboratory - Glio- and Neurotransmitter group - since 2004-
  • Neurologist at Department of Neurology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet

Positions held


  • 1992-1996: PhD Department Anatomy, University of Oslo
  • 1996 2002: Postdoc Department Anatomy, University of Oslo
  • 2002-2003: Postdoc University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 2004-2008: Senior Research Scientist, Department Anatomy, University of Oslo
  • 2008-present: Associate Professor, Department Anatomy, University of Oslo


  • 1996-2002: Department of Neurology, Ullevaal University Hospital
  • 2004-present. Department of Neurology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet


  • Scherings research prize in Neurology for 2003
  • Monrad-Krohn - University of Oslo - research prize in Neurology for 2007


  • Linda Hildegard Bergersen, Dept. of Anatomy, IMB, UiO (gliotransmission/ PD and brain metabolism) 
  • Sigbjørn Fossum, Dept. of Anatomy, IMB, UiO (microglia, PD)
  • Trygve B. Leergaard,  Dept. of Anatomy, IMB, UiO (neurotransmitters)
  • Jan Mæhlen, Dept. of Pathology, Oslo University Hospital (PD) 
  • Andrea Volterra, Dept. Cell Biology Morphology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland (gliotransmission)
  • David Attwell, Department of Physiology, University College London, UK (neurotransmission)
  • Paola Bezzi, , Dept. Cell Biology Morphology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland (gliotransmission)
  • Richard Reimer, Dept. Neurology, Stanford University School of Medicine, USA (aspartate signalling) 
  • Yoshinori Moriyama, Department of Biochemistry, Okayama University, Japan (ATP signalling)  
  • Edward Fon, McGill Parkinson Program, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Canada (PD)


  • Morland, Cecilie; Frøland, Anne-Sofie; Pettersen, MN; Storm-Mathisen, Jon; Gundersen, Vidar; Rise, Frode & Hassel, Bjørnar (2018). Propionate enters GABAergic neurons, inhibits GABA transaminase, causes GABA accumulation and lethargy in a model of propionic acidemia.. Biochemical Journal.  ISSN 0264-6021.  475, s 749- 758 . doi:
  • Prydz, Agnete; Stahl, Katja; Puchades, Maja Amedjkouh; Davarpaneh, Nina; Nadeem, Maria; Ottersen, Ole Petter; Gundersen, Vidar & Amiry-Moghaddam, Mahmood (2017). Subcellular expression of aquaporin-4 in substantia nigra of normal and MPTP-treated mice. Neuroscience.  ISSN 0306-4522.  359, s 258- 266 . doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2017.07.029
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Storm-Mathisen, Jon & Bergersen, Linda Hildegard (2015). Neuroglial transmission. Physiological Reviews.  ISSN 0031-9333.  95(3), s 695- 726 . doi: 10.1152/physrev.00024.2014
  • Stensrud, Mats Julius; Sogn, Carl Johan & Gundersen, Vidar (2015). Immunogold characteristics of VGLUT3-positive GABAergic nerve terminals suggest corelease of glutamate. Journal of Comparative Neurology.  ISSN 0021-9967.  523(18), s 2698- 2713 . doi: 10.1002/cne.23811
  • Berg, L K; Larsson, M; Morland, Cecilie & Gundersen, Vidar (2013). PRE- AND POSTSYNAPTIC LOCALIZATION OF NMDA RECEPTOR SUBUNITS AT HIPPOCAMPAL MOSSY FIBRE SYNAPSES. Neuroscience.  ISSN 0306-4522.  230, s 139- 150 . doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.10.061
  • Ersland, Kari Merete; Håvik, Bjarte; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Gundersen, Vidar; Stansberg, Christine & Steen, Vidar Martin (2013). LOC689986, a unique gene showing specific expression in restricted areas of the rodent neocortex. BMC Neuroscience.  ISSN 1471-2202.  14 . doi: 10.1186/1471-2202-14-68
  • Morland, Cecilie; Nordengen, Kaja; Larsson, Max; Prolo, Laura M.; Farzampour, Zoya; Reimer, Richard J. & Gundersen, Vidar (2013). Vesicular uptake and exocytosis of L-aspartate is independent of sialin. The FASEB Journal.  ISSN 0892-6638.  27(3), s 1264- 1274 . doi: 10.1096/fj.12-206300
  • Nagelhus, Erlend Arnulf; Amiry-Moghaddam, Mahmood; Bergersen, Linda Hildegard; Bjaalie, Jan G.; Eriksson, Jens; Gundersen, Vidar; Leergaard, Trygve Brauns; Morth, Jens Preben; Storm-Mathisen, Jon; Torp, Reidun; Walhovd, Kristine B & Tønjum, Tone (2013). The glia doctrine: Addressing the role of glial cells in healthy brain ageing. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development.  ISSN 0047-6374.  134(10), s 449- 459 . doi: 10.1016/j.mad.2013.10.001
  • Nordengen, Kaja; Heuser, Christoph; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Matalon, Reuben & Gundersen, Vidar (2013). Localisation of N-acetylaspartate in oligodendrocytes/myelin. Brain Structure and Function.  ISSN 1863-2653. . doi: 10.1007/s00429-013-0691-7
  • Puchades, Maja Amedjkouh; Sogn, Carl Johan; Mæhlen, Jan; Bergersen, Linda Hildegard & Gundersen, Vidar (2013). Unaltered lactate and glucose transporter levels in the MPTP mouse model of Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's Disease.  ISSN 2090-8083.  3(3), s 371- 385 . doi: 10.3233/JPD-130190
  • Sogn, Carl Johan; Puchades, Maja Amedjkouh & Gundersen, Vidar (2013). Rare contacts between synapses and microglial processes containing high levels of Iba1 and actin - a postembedding immunogold study in the healthy rat brain. European Journal of Neuroscience.  ISSN 0953-816X.  38(1), s 2030- 2040 . doi: 10.1111/ejn.12213
  • Stensrud, Mats Julius; Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas; Leergaard, Trygve Brauns; Bjaalie, Jan G. & Gundersen, Vidar (2013). Vesicular glutamate transporter-3 in the rodent brain: Vesicular colocalization with vesicular -aminobutyric acid transporter. Journal of Comparative Neurology.  ISSN 0021-9967.  521(13), s 3042- 3056 . doi: 10.1002/cne.23331
  • Stensrud, Mats Julius; Puchades, Maja Amedjkouh & Gundersen, Vidar (2013). GABA is localized in dopaminergic synaptic vesicles in the rodent striatum. Brain Structure and Function.  ISSN 1863-2653. . doi: 10.1007/s00429-013-0609-4
  • Bergersen, Linda Hildegard; Morland, Cecilie; Ormel, Lasse; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Larsson, Max David; Wold, Johan Fredrik Hustad; Røe, Åsmund Treu; Stranna, Andrea; Santello, M; Bouvier, David; Ottersen, Ole Petter; Volterra, Andrea & Gundersen, Vidar (2012). Immunogold Detection of L-glutamate and D-serine in Small Synaptic-Like Microvesicles in Adult Hippocampal Astrocytes. Cerebral Cortex.  ISSN 1047-3211.  22(7), s 1690- 1697 . doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhr254
  • Larsson, Max; Sawada, Keisuke; Morland, Cecilie; Hiasa, Miki; Ormel, Lasse; Moriyama, Yoshinori & Gundersen, Vidar (2012). Functional and Anatomical Identification of a Vesicular Transporter Mediating Neuronal ATP Release. Cerebral Cortex.  ISSN 1047-3211.  22(5), s 1203- 1214 . doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhr203
  • Morland, Cecilie; Nordengen, Kaja & Gundersen, Vidar (2012). Valproate causes reduction of the excitatory amino acid aspartate in nerve terminals. Neuroscience Letters.  ISSN 0304-3940.  527(2), s 100- 104 . doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2012.08.042
  • Ormel, Lasse; Stensrud, Mats Julius; Bergersen, Linda Hildegard & Gundersen, Vidar (2012). VGLUT1 is localized in astrocytic processes in several brain regions. Glia.  ISSN 0894-1491.  60(2), s 229- 238 . doi: 10.1002/glia.21258
  • Ormel, Lasse; Stensrud, Mats Julius; Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas & Gundersen, Vidar (2012). A distinct set of synaptic-like microvesicles in atroglial cells contain VGLUT3. Glia.  ISSN 0894-1491.  60(9), s 1289- 1300 . doi: 10.1002/glia.22348
  • Gammelsaeter, Runhild; Coppola, Thierry; Marcaggi, Païkan; Storm-Mathisen, Jon; Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas; Attwell, David; Regazzi, Romano & Gundersen, Vidar (2011). A Role for Glutamate Transporters in the Regulation of Insulin Secretion. PLoS ONE.  ISSN 1932-6203.  6(8) . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022960
  • Larsson, Max; Morland, Cecilie; Poblete-Naredo, Irais; Biber, Jürg; Danbolt, Niels Christian & Gundersen, Vidar (2011). The Sodium-Dependent Inorganic Phosphate Transporter SLC34Al (NaPi-IIa) Is Not Localized in the Mouse Brain: A Case of Tissue-Specific Antigenic Cross-Reactivity. Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry.  ISSN 0022-1554.  59(9), s 807- 812 . doi: 10.1369/0022155411411713
  • Toft, Mathias; Lilleeng, Bård; Ramm-Pettersen, Jon-Terje; Skogseid, Inger Marie; Gundersen, Vidar; Gerdts, Reno; Pedersen, Lena; Skjelland, Mona; Røste, Geir Ketil & Dietrichs, Espen (2011). Long-Term Efficacy and Mortality in Parkinson's Disease Patients Treated with Subthalamic Stimulation. Movement Disorders.  ISSN 0885-3185.  26(10), s 1931- 1934 . doi: 10.1002/mds.23817
  • Gundersen, Vidar (2010). Protein aggregation in Parkinson's disease. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica.  ISSN 0001-6314.  122, s 82- 87
  • Bergersen, Linda Hildegard & Gundersen, Vidar (2009). MORPHOLOGICAL EVIDENCE FOR VESICULAR GLUTAMATE RELEASE FROM ASTROCYTES. Neuroscience.  ISSN 0306-4522.  158(1), s 260- 265 . doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.03.074
  • Gammelsaeter, Runhild; Jenstad, Monica; Bredahl, May Kristin Lyamouri; Gundersen, Vidar & Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas (2009). Complementary expression of SN1 and SAT2 in the islets of Langerhans suggests concerted action of glutamine transport in the regulation of insulin secretion. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC.  ISSN 0006-291X.  381(3), s 378- 382 . doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.02.062
  • Bergersen, Linda Hildegard; Storm-Mathisen, Jon & Gundersen, Vidar (2008). Immunogold quantification of amino acids and proteins in complex subcellular compartments. Nature Protocols.  ISSN 1754-2189.  3 . doi: 10.1038/nprot.2007.525
  • Furness, DN; Dehnes, Yvette; Akhtar, Aisha Qureshi; Rossi, DJ; Hamann, M; Grutle, Nina J.; Gundersen, Vidar; Holmseth, Silvia; Lehre, Knut Petter Dæhlin; Ullensvang, Kyrre; Wojewodzic, Marcin; Zhou, Yun; Attwell, D & Danbolt, Niels Christian (2008). A QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF GLUTAMATE UPTAKE INTO HIPPOCAMPAL SYNAPTIC TERMINALS AND ASTROCYTES: NEW INSIGHTS INTO A NEURONAL ROLE FOR EXCITATORY AMINO ACID TRANSPORTER 2 (EAAT2). Neuroscience.  ISSN 0306-4522.  157(1), s 80- 94 . doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.08.043
  • Gundersen, Vidar (2008). Co-localization of excitatory and inhibitory transmitters in the brain. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica.  ISSN 0001-6314.  117
  • Holten, Aleksander Talgøy; Danbolt, Niels Christian; Keiko, S & Gundersen, Vidar (2008). Low-affinity excitatory amino acid uptake in hippocampal astrocytes: A possible role of Na+/dicarboxylate cotransporters. Glia.  ISSN 0894-1491.  56, s 990- 997 . doi: 10.1002/glia.20672
  • Holten, Aleksander Talgøy & Gundersen, Vidar (2008). Glutamine as a precursor for transmitter glutamate, aspartate and GABA in the cerebellum: a role for phosphate-activated glutaminase. Journal of Neurochemistry.  ISSN 0022-3042.  104 . doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2007.05065.x
  • Holten, Aleksander Talgøy; Morland, Cecilie; Nordengen, Kaja & Gundersen, Vidar (2008). Vesicular Release of L- and D-Aspartate from Hippocampal Nerve Terminals: Immunogold Evidence. Open Neuroscience Journal.  ISSN 1874-0820.  2, s 51- 58 . doi: 10.2174/1874082000802010051
  • Jourdain, P; Bergersen, Linda Hildegard; Bhaukaurally, K; Bezzi, P; Santello, M; Domercq, M; Matute, C; Tonello, F; Gundersen, Vidar & Volterra, A (2007). Glutamate exocytosis from astrocytes controls synaptic strength. Nature Neuroscience.  ISSN 1097-6256.  10, s 331- 339 . doi: 10.1038/nn1849
  • Nguyen, Nga H. T.; Morland, C; Gonzales, Susana Villa; Rise, Frode; Storm-Mathisen, Jon; Gundersen, Vidar & Hassel, Bjornar (2007). Propionate increases neuronal histone acetylation, but is metabolized oxidatively by glia. Relevance for propionic acidemia. Journal of Neurochemistry.  ISSN 0022-3042.  101(3), s 806- 814 . doi: PMID:17286595 Show summary
  • Nicolaysen, Anne; Gammelsaeter, Runhild; Storm-Mathisen, Jon; Gundersen, Vidar & Iversen, Per Ole (2007). The components required for amino acid neurotransmitter signaling are present in adipose tissues. Journal of Lipid Research.  ISSN 0022-2275.  48, s 2123- 2132 . doi: 10.1194/jlr.M700021-JLR200
  • Vikne, Harald; Refsnes, PE; Ekmark, Merete; Medbø, Jon Ingulf; Gundersen, Vidar & Gundersen, Kristian (2006). Muscular performance after concentric and eccentric exercise in trained men. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.  ISSN 0195-9131.  38(10), s 1770- 1781
  • Dietrichs, Espen & Gundersen, Vidar (2006). Glutamat - hjernens viktigste transmitter. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening.  ISSN 0029-2001.  126, s 2643
  • Gammelsæter, Runhild; Frøyland, Marianne; Gammelsaeter, R; Froyland, M; Aragon, C; Danbolt, NC; Fortin, D; Storm-Mathisen, J; Davanger, Svend & Gundersen, V (2004). Glycine, GABA and their transporters in pancreatic islets of Langerhans: evidence for a paracrine transmitter interplay. Journal of Cell Science.  ISSN 0021-9533.  117, s 3749- 3758
  • Bezzi, P.; Gundersen, Vidar; Galbete, JL; Seifert, G; Steinhauser, C; Pilati, E & Volterra, A. (2004). Astrocytes contain a vesicular compartment that is competent for regulated exocytosis of glutamate. Nature Neuroscience.  ISSN 1097-6256.  7(6), s 613- 620
  • Boulland, Jean-Luc; Qureshi, T.; Seal, R; Rafiki, A; Gundersen, Vidar; Bergersen, Linda Hildegard; Fremeau, R.T Jr; Edwards, RH; Storm-Mathisen, Jon & Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas (2004). Expression of the vesicular glutamate transporters during development indicates the widespread co-release of multiple neurotransmitters. Journal of Comparative Neurology.  ISSN 0021-9967.  480(3), s 264- 280
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Holten, Aleksander Talgøy & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (2004). GABAergic synapses in hippocampus exocytose aspartate on to NMDA receptors: quantitative immunogold evidence for co-transmission. Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience.  ISSN 1044-7431.  26(1), s 156- 165
  • Bergersen, Linda Hildegard; Ruiz, A.; Bjaalie, Jan G.; Kullmann, D.M & Gundersen, Vidar (2003). GABA and GABAA receptors at hippocampal mossy fibre synapses. European Journal of Neuroscience.  ISSN 0953-816X.  18(4), s 931- 941
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Fonnum, Frode; Ottersen, Ole Petter & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (2001). Redistribution of neuroactive amino acids in hippocampus and striatum during hypoglycemia: a quantitative immunogold study. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.  ISSN 0271-678X.  21(1), s 41- 51
  • Gundersen, Vidar & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (2000). Aspartate - neurochemical evidence for a transmitter role, In Ole Petter Ottersen & Jon Storm-Mathisen (ed.),  Handbook of Chemical Neuroanatomy.  Elsevier.  s 45 - 62
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas; Bjaalie, Jan G.; Fonnum, Frode; Ottersen, Ole Petter & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (1998). Synaptic vesicular localization and exocytosis of L-aspartate in excitatory nerve terminals: a quantitative immunogold analysis in rat hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience.  ISSN 0270-6474.  18, s 6059- 6070
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Ottersen, Ole Petter & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (1996). Selective excitatory amino acid uptake in glutamatergic nerve terminals and in glia in the rat striatum: quantitative electron microscopic immunocytochemistry of exogenous D-aspartate and endogenous glutamate and GABA. European Journal of Neuroscience.  ISSN 0953-816X.  8, s 758- 765
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Shupliakov, O.; Brodin, L.A; Ottersen, Ole Petter & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (1995). Quantification of excitatory amino acid uptake at intact glutamatergic synapses by immunocytochemistry of exogenous D-aspartate. Journal of Neuroscience.  ISSN 0270-6474.  15(6), s 4417- 4428
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Danbolt, Niels Christian; Ottersen, Ole Petter & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (1993). Demonstration of glutamate/aspartate uptake activity in nerve endings by use of antibodies recognizing exogenous D-aspartate. Neuroscience.  ISSN 0306-4522.  57(1), s 97- 111
  • Ottersen, Ole Petter; Storm-Mathisen, Jon; Bramham, C. R.; Torp, Reidun; Laake, Jon Henrik & Gundersen, Vidar (1990). A quantitative electron microscopic immunocytochemical study of the distribution and synaptic handling of glutamate in rat hippocampus. Progress in Brain Research.  ISSN 0079-6123.  83, s 99- 114
  • Storm-Mathisen, Jon; Ottersen, Ole Petter; Fu-Long, T.; Gundersen, Vidar; Laake, Jon Henrik & Nordbo, G. (1986). Metabolism and transport of amino acids studied by immunocytochemistry. Medical Microbiology and Immmunology.  ISSN 0300-8584.  64(2-3), s 127- 132

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  • Larsson, Max; Bergersen, Linda Hildegard & Gundersen, Vidar (2015). Immunogold electron microscopic quantification of small molecular compounds and proteins at synapses and other neural profiles, In Adalberto Merighi & Laura Lossi (ed.),  Immunocytochemistry and related techniques.  Springer.  ISBN 978-1-4939-2312-0.  protokoll, kapittel 15.  s 281 - 297
  • Gundersen, Vidar (2014). Subcellular localization of NMDA receptors.
  • Ormel, Lasse; Volterra, A; Bergersen, Linda Hildegard & Gundersen, Vidar (2009). VGLUT1 IS PRESENT IN CORTICAL, HIPPOCAMPAL AND STRIATAL ASTROCYTES. Glia.  ISSN 0894-1491.  57(13), s S42- S42
  • Danbolt, Niels Christian; Attwell, D; Bergles, D; Dehnes, Yvette; Furness, DN; Gundersen, Vidar; Hamann, M; Holmseth, Silvia; Lehre, Knut Petter Dæhlin; Qureshi, Aisha; Rossi, D & Ullensvang, Kyrre (2006). Glutamate transporters around synapses. Journal of Neurochemistry.  ISSN 0022-3042.  96, s 87- 87
  • Danbolt, Niels Christian; Attwell, David; Dehnes, Yvette; Furness, David N; Gundersen, Vidar; Hamann, Martine; Holmseth, Silvia; Qureshi, Aisha; Rossi, David & Ullensvang, Kyrre (2004). Cellular distribution and function of glutamate transporters.
  • Gammelsaeter, Runhild; Frøyland, Marianne; Aragon, C.; Danbolt, Niels Christian; Edwards, R. H.; Storm-Mathisen, Jon; Davanger, Svend & Gundersen, Vidar (2004). A paracrine transmitter interplay: The amino acid transmitters glycine and GABA and their transport proteins in the islets of Langerhans.
  • Gammelsæter, Runhild; Gundersen, Vidar; Storm-Mathisen, Jon & Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas (2003). Expression of VGLUT2 and VGLUT3 in pancreatic neuroendocrine cells: preserved after transplantation of islets of Langerhans to kidney.
  • Bergersen, Linda Hildegard; Ruiz, A.; Kullmann, D.M & Gundersen, Vidar (2002). Mossy fibre synapses in rat hippocampus contain GABA in synaptic vesicles and express postsynaptic GABAa receptors.
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Halestrap, AP; Ottersen, Ole Petter & Bergersen, Linda Hildegard (2002). Cellular and subcellular expression of monocarboxylate transporters in glutamatergic synapses with different excitatory drive.
  • Danbolt, Niels Christian; Dehnes, Yvette; Gundersen, Vidar & Lehre, Knut Petter (2000). Roles of glutamate transporters in synaptic transmission.
  • Dehnes, Yvette; Ullensvang, Kyrre; Furness, David; Gundersen, Vidar & Danbolt, Niels Christian (2000). The Glutamate transporter in glutamatergic nerve ending does exist and it is sensitive to dihydrokainic acid.
  • Gammelsæter, Runhild; Danbolt, Niels Christian; Storm-Mathisen, Jon & Gundersen, Vidar (1999). Glutamate transport proteins in the rat pancreatic islets of Langerhans.
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas; Bjaalie, Jan G.; Fonnum, Frode; Ottersen, Ole Petter & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (1998). L-aspartate-like immunoreactivity is localized in synaptic vesicles and depleted by exocytosis from excitatory nerve terminals in rat hippocampus.
  • Gundersen, Vidar (1996). Aspartate as a signal molecule in the Brain.
  • Danbolt, Niels Christian; Gundersen, Vidar; Lehre, Knut Petter; Levy, Line Margrete; Chaudhry, Farrukh Abbas; Ottersen, Ole Petter & Storm-Mathisen, Jon (1993). Localization Of Na+-Dependent High-Affinity Glutamate-Aspartate Transporters.
  • Gundersen, Vidar; Danbolt, Niels Christian; Storm-Mathisen, Jon & Ottersen, Ole Petter (1993). Immunocytochemical Demonstration Of Glutamate Aspartate Transport Activity In Nerve-Endings.

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Published Apr. 13, 2011 2:41 PM - Last modified Dec. 14, 2012 10:41 AM