Nansen Neuroscience Lecture 2017

The Nansen Neuroscience Lectures (NNL) are organized in conjunction with Fridtjof Nansen’s birthday to commemorate his fundamental contribution to neuroscience. The NNL are given by speakers selected from the top tier of neuroscience research.

Open to public, no charge  

Programme

11:30 Coffee and refreshments

12:00 Opening

Ole M Sejersted, President of The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters

12:03 Introduction

Linda H Bergersen, University of Oslo

12:06 "An epidemiological approach to neuroscience"

Lecture by Asta Håberg, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim

12:46 Discussion and questions from the audience,

Moderator Jon Storm-Mathisen

13:03 Introduction

Linda H Bergersen, University of Oslo

13:06 "Taming viruses to map and repair the brain"

Lecture by Tomas Björklund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

13:46 Discussion and questions from the audience

Moderator Jon Storm-Mathisen

Asta Håberg

"An epidemiological approach to neuroscience"

Asta HåbergThe lecture focuses on the power of large-scale web-based cognitive testing and brain MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) in combination with prospectively collected demographic, lifestyle, somatic and psychiatric health data and clinical measures from the general population, i.e., the large-scale Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey (HUNT), as a means to understand how to optimize brain function and structure across the lifespan.

I will present the development of Memoro, our web-based cognitive testing tool building on a combination of traditional neuropsychological tests and functional MRI based tests, as well as particularities related to web-based cognitive testing. Subsequently, impact of selected demographic and somatic factors on cognition, and the potential for intervention to preserve or optimize function will be illustrated. Lastly, I will present how an epidemiological approach to brain MRI can elucidate new relationships of disease risk and possibility of delaying brain atrophy. 
 

Affiliations

Director of SFI Center for Innovative Ultrasound Solutions (CIUS); Professor, Dep of Neuroscience, NTNU; Head, Norwegian National Advisory Unit for fMRI, Dep Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, St. Olav's University Hospital; Medical Technical Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Trondheim, Norway; asta.haberg@ntnu.no; https://www.ntnu.no/ansatte/asta.haberg 


Minibiography

Asta Håberg received her MD from the University of Oslo and her PhD (dr. med.) from the NTNU in Trondheim. She has worked with animal models of human neurological disease, in healthy volunteers and patients (mainly traumatic brain injury, preterm birth, and ischemia) MRI and MRS to elucidate brain structural, metabolic and functional correlates and plasticity. The neuronal basis of memory and attention, and how best to maintain these abilities throughout life, is a particular focus area. This interest has led to development of methodology for large-scaled epidemiological studies on cognition in HUNT (Nord-Trøndelag health study) in order to understand the somatic, psychological, social and genetic basis of individual differences in cognition and their brain structural and functional underpinnings.

Tomas Björklund

"Taming viruses to map and repair the brain"

Tomas BjörklundDuring development, our brain goes through an amazing process of making and destroying connections between nerve cells. What connections remain in adulthood determine how we function. When those connections falter, disease ensues, revealing their importance.

To date, the studies on brain connectivity have been limited to either crude assessment on the multi-millimeter scale of the entire human brain using brain imaging techniques or using labor intensive electron-microscopy techniques mapping each connection one by one.

The goal of our research is to develop a novel technology that could fill the gap, so that we can understand how complete circuits in the brain function and connect before we have the entire map of the brain completed. To reach this goal we have chosen to develop synthetic viruses and utilize the genetic code as address labels. These viruses can infect nerve cells at their connectivity points (the synapses) and transport the information in their genome to the connected nerve cell bodies, where we then can map this information using modern sequencing techniques.

In the end, this technology would help us to understand what goes wrong in the brain in complex disorders such as Parkinson's disease and Schizophrenia. The newly developed viruses could also help us to develop new treatments as they could target specific connections in the brain, leaving the rest untouched. 

Affiliation:

Group leader, Associate Professor of Neuroscience, Molecular Neuromodulation, Wallenberg Neuroscience Center, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; tomas.bjorklund@med.lu.se; http://www.med.lu.se/expmed/molecular_neuromodulation

Minibiography

Tomas Björklund obtained his training at Lund University, Sweden, where he completed his PhD in neuroscience in 2009. After a post-doctoral fellowship, he received an Assistant Professor position in 2011, when he established his research group, Molecular Neuromodulation. His research is at the union of neuroscience, molecular biology and bioinformatics, where a major goal is to develop and utilize frontline technologies to answer long-standing questions in brain function and connectivity, including in Parkinson's disease. He has founded a biotech company, Genepod Therapeutics, which is furthering his gene-based therapy for Parkinson's disease towards clinical trials. 

Download Programme (PDF)

 

Organizer

Linda H Bergersen and Jon Storm-Mathisen at the University of Oslo, the Nansen Neuroscience Network (NNN) and Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (DNVA)
Published Sep. 14, 2017 1:45 PM - Last modified Sep. 15, 2017 12:40 PM