Centre for Global Health: One Health
One Health takes a holistic, cross and multidisciplinary view and aims to promote and improve the health of humans, animals and the environment taking into account the interdependence of different milieus.
Photo: © Hans Fredrik Asbjørnsen, UiO
In the Anthropocene, the epoch of human beings, we are facing a paradigm shift in global health. Human activities have had a huge impact on the environment and wildlife habitats and the use of fossil fuels result in rising levels of carbon dioxide, the main contributor to rising temperatures and climate change. Among the greatest threats to global health at present are pollution, consequences of climate change, emerging infectious diseases and lack of access to clean water.
About Our Research
Zoonotic diseases, i.e. diseases that require an animal reservoir, represent examples par excellence for a One Health approach. One Health not only revolves around human, animal and environmental health, but also brings other disciplines like social, economic and political sciences on board and borrows largely from the concept of public and global health. Therefore, collaboration and communication across stakeholders and disciplines represents an integral part. One Health strives to find solutions to global challenges involving public authorities and administrations, research bodies and the industry at both national and international level. The complexity which evolves when merging the different disciplines and addressing the interconnectedness of environmental, animal and human health, raise the need of modern digital solutions. Storage and analysis of big data and potential use of artificial intelligence are vital in efforts to a holistic approach to global health.
Projects linked to the Centre for Global Health (CGH) at UiO focus on zoonotic disease networks in Sub-Saharan Africa and emerging diseases in the sense of global health preparedness, climate change and emerging health-related challenges such as antimicrobial resistance (AMR), environmental pollution and toxins.
- Early 2019, The Lancet One Health Commission was established at UiO and is currently ongoing. Deputy Director of CGH, Andrea S. Winkler co-chairs the Commission and One Health Signatory Theme leader, Ernst Kristian Rødland is on the Oslo Research Team.
- In August 2019, the CGH became the first Norwegian member in the Planetary Health Alliance, a consortium of over 200 universities, non-governmental organizations, research institutes, and government entities from around the world committed to understanding and addressing global environmental change and its health impacts.
- In February 2020, Ernst Kristian Rødland chaired a panel on AMR with The Lancet One Health Commission Oslo Research Team members, Professor Yngvild Wasteson, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) & Professor Carlos Goncalo Das Neves, Norwegian Veterinary Institute, and Dr. Svein Høegh Henrichsen, Norwegian Directorate of Health for the screening of "Resistance Fighters" during the HUMAN International Documentary Film Festival in Oslo.
- The work on implementing a One Health digital AMR surveillance platform has been profiled at UiO: APOLLON article