Public Defence: Hanneke Pot
MSc Hanneke Pot at Institute of Health and Society will be defending the thesis “Global norms and local brokers: an ethnography of an international NGO project to ‘reduce teenage pregnancies’ in rural Malawi” for the degree of PhD (Philosophiae Doctor).
Trial Lecture – time and place
See Trial Lecture.
- First opponent: Professor James Pfeiffer, University of Washington
- Second opponent: Associate Professor Emma-Louise Anderson, University of Leeds
- Third member and chair of the evaluation committee: Associate Professor Heidi Fjeld, University of Oslo
Chair of the Defence
Professor Christoph Gradmann, University of Olso
Associate Professor Katerini T Storeng, University of Oslo
International non-governmental organisations (INGOs) play an increasingly prominent and multifaceted role in the field of global health – as policy advocates, recipients of donor funds, and implementers of donor-funded programmes. This thesis examines how INGOs implement ‘global’ programmes in ‘local’ context.
Based on 10 months of ethnographic fieldwork conducted in rural Malawi, it focuses on a donor-funded INGO project that aimed to improve maternal health by reducing teenage pregnancies through interventions designed to keep girls in school and increase their use of reproductive health services. The thesis examines the dynamics of project and policy implementation within a context characterised by many overlapping development initiatives, shifting donor priorities, a weak public sector, unsustainable donor-funding and short term projects.
The analysis focuses on various local individuals who operate within fields of unequal power and ‘broker’ between donors, and local communities. They translate global norms and aims into programmatic practice, to fit the local context but also to derive benefits for themselves. The first article discusses how primary school teachers deal with, and implement, various overlapping NGO initiatives targeting girls, and the implications for public sector institutions. The second article examines how INGOs’ programmatic focus on behaviour change interventions inadvertently results in staff blaming culture for teenage pregnancies and school dropout, denying socio-economic and socio-political realities and the complexity of girls’ aspirations. The third article places the aim to reduce teenage pregnancies within the broader context of maternal health and the Malawian health system. It analyses how dynamic responses and accountability relationships can help explain problems with the implementation of policy and their inequitable effects when confronted with broader malfunctions of health systems.
The thesis argues that examining brokers’ practices within fields of unequal power can shed light on why projects are unsustainable and how similar unintended effects repeatedly occur despite the intention of donors and INGOs to strengthen existing public and community structures. The intense professionalisation and donor dependence of INGOs working with the fields of global health and development may undermine their ability to challenge structures of power and reduce inequality.
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