Digital Public Defence: Myint Myint Wai

MSc. Myint Myint Wai at Institute of Health and Society will be defending the thesis “Contraception and Fertility in Myanmar: Trends and Dynamics - A study of married women’s Contraceptive use and Unmet Need for Family Planning in Yangon south and north” for the degree of PhD (Philosophiae Doctor).

The public defence will be held as a video conference over Zoom.

The defence will follow regular procedure as far as possible, hence it will be open to the public and the audience can ask ex auditorio questions when invited to do so.

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Digital Trial Lecture – time and place

See Digital Trial Lecture.

Adjudication committee

  • First opponent: Consultant Tun Myint, Simon Fraser University, Canada
  • Second opponent: Associate Professor Anne Kaasen, Oslo Metropolitan University
  • Third member and chair of the evaluation committee: Professor Suraj Thapa, University of Oslo

Chair of the Defence

Head of Department, Terje P. Hagen, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo

Principal Supervisor

Professor Johanne Sundby, University of Oslo


Many women around the world are increasingly using contraceptive methods to control their fertility generally resulting reduction in fertility level. Despite the fact, lots of reproductive aged women who do not want to pregnant are not using any form of contraception especially among women living in the developing world.

This condition could result in unplanned or mistimed pregnancies which are having high risk to end up in abortions, frequently occurred in unsafe conditions and more often in countries with legal restriction to abortion.

This thesis aimed to look back the changes about contraception and fertility among Myanmar women as well as to estimate the problem of contraceptive nonuse among married women who did not want to pregnant at the sub-population level.

Contraceptives had been increasingly used by Myanmar women during the past decades; however, a married woman had still giving birth of five children on average.

Among the women living around the major city in Myanmar, a considerable proportion; one-fifth of women who did not want to pregnant and living in a relationship, were not using contraceptive methods. This problem was more commonly seen in urban than rural women and more prominent in women over the age of forty and women having five or more children. 

More importantly, most of those women who need to use contraceptives were not willing to use the methods in future as well, giving the reason of health concern as they afraid of the side effects.

Thus, in addition to delivering contraceptives available to women who want to use, precise information regarding various contraceptive methods are really in need. This will enable the women in dire need to make a safe choice of contraceptive method and use accordingly. That will reduce the problem of unplanned or unwanted pregnancies then the need of unsafe abortions, and helps to prevent child bearing in older women and high fertile women who are prone to health problems during pregnancy and child birth.

Additional information

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Published Nov. 10, 2020 1:05 PM - Last modified Nov. 25, 2020 10:07 AM