Digital Public Defence: Carolina Borges Rau Steuernagel

MD, Mphil Carolina Rau Borges Steuernagel at Institute of Health and Society will be defending the thesis “Evidence in Practice: The case of lesbian health invisibilities in Brazil” for the degree of PhD (Philosophiae Doctor).

Photo: Anbjørg Kolaas.

The public defence will be held as a video conference over Zoom.

The defence will follow regular procedure as far as possible, hence it will be open to the public and the audience can ask ex auditorio questions when invited to do so.

Click here to participate in the public defence

Download Zoom here

Due to copyright reasons, an electronic copy of the thesis must be ordered from the faculty. In order for the faculty to have time to process the order, it must be received by the faculty no later than 2 days prior to the public defence. Orders received later than 2 days before the defence will not be processed. Inquiries regarding the thesis after the public defence must be addressed to the candidate.


Digital Trial Lecture – time and place

See Digital Trial Lecture.

Adjudication committee

  • First opponent: Professor Tiago Moreira, Durham University
  • Second opponent: Professor and Vice Dean for Research Ann Therese Lotherington, UiT Norges Arktiske Universitet
  • Third member and chair of the evaluation committee: Professor Jan Frich, University of Oslo

Chair of the Defence

Professor Kari Nyheim Solbrække, University of Oslo

Principal Supervisor

Associate professor Kåre Moen, University of Oslo


The idea that evidence is a combination of facts that provides the best estimate of reality is a key notion in health research and care. This thesis stands at odds with this conception. Tracing the phenomenon of lesbian health in Brazil, this work examines evidence as practice: as a series of events that produce realities. Ethnographic material (interviews with women, participant observation in an organization, and text analysis of articles and policies) is analyzed to demonstrate the many different ways in which lesbian health may come into being as an effect of doing evidence. The research methods that produce and validate evidence, the statistical logic of evidence-based medical decisions and the political dimensions of fact-making are critically discussed as actors that could take part in enacting lesbian health as invisible. The analysis of women’s narratives demonstrates how the logic of evidence making, which achieves objectivity by excluding events deemed unnecessary, may be translated into ways of practicing care: female same-sex practices could disappear under high HIV infection rates among men who have sex with men, and bodily features could be made invisible by the risk of developing cervical cancer triggered by a virus associated with heterosexual sex.

In this work, women are analyzed alongside texts, which allowed for the observation of how texts participated in transforming lesbian invisibilities into a health issue. Drawing on anthropology, philosophy and science and technology studies, the thesis argues that texts not only describe facts but re-signify them by juxtaposing events that otherwise would remain separated. Acknowledging texts as co-producers in research reframes evidence as practices that are continually being enacted. Published facts are not a final product. Evidence depends on how pieces of texts are used, read, quoted, republished, applied, and interpreted, and new realities come to exist by the enacting capacity of textual material.


Additional information

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Published Jan. 11, 2021 10:55 AM - Last modified Jan. 27, 2021 10:34 AM