Digital Public Defence: Bosena Tebeje Gashaw

MSc Bosena Tebeje Gashaw at Institute of Health and Society will be defending the thesis “Intimate Partner Violence in Pregnancy in Ethiopia” for the degree of PhD (Philosophiae Doctor).

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Photo: Private. 

The public defence will be held as a video conference over Zoom.

The defence will follow regular procedure as far as possible, hence it will be open to the public and the audience can ask ex auditorio questions when invited to do so.

Click here to participate in the public defence

Download Zoom here

Due to copyright reasons, an electronic copy of the thesis must be ordered from the faculty. In order for the faculty to have time to process the order, it must be received by the faculty no later than 2 days prior to the public defence. Orders received later than 2 days before the defence will not be processed. Inquiries regarding the thesis after the public defence must be addressed to the candidate.

Order a digital copy of the thesis here

Digital Trial Lecture – time and place

See Digital Trial Lecture.

Adjudication committee

  • First opponent: Professor Kjersti Alsaker, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Campus Bergen
  • Second opponent: Professor Maria Emmelin, Lund University, Sweden
  • Third member and chair of the evaluation committee: Associate Professor Stig Tore Bogstrand, University of Oslo

Chair of the Defence

Professor Anne Karen Jenum, University of Oslo

Principal Supervisor

Jeanette H. Magnus, Director Centre for Global Health, University of Oslo


Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy imposes a substantial effect on the health of the woman and her fetus. However, studies on the extent of the problem, contributing factors, and how the communities’ different institutions perceive and respond to IPV in pregnancy, are limited in Ethiopia.

This thesis is aimed to investigate the prevalence and factors contributing to IPV during pregnancy, its influence on the initiation of antenatal care, the perceptions and responses of community institutions and health care workers (HCWs) on IPV, using quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative data were collected from 720 pregnant women at antenatal care (ANC) clinics.  The interviews data were obtained from HCWs and individuals representing different community institutions.

The results show that IPV in pregnancy is prevalent (35.6 %) in Ethiopia and multi-factorial. Late entry into ANC is also very common (52%), especially among multiparous women reporting IPV.

We also identified socio-cultural, structural and economic factors, acting as barriers for victims to receive adequate assistance. The HCWs as well as the community informants expressed limited awareness of the adverse impacts IPV has on pregnant women and fetal health, disclosed the absence of support to IPV victims or any networks aimed at IPV mitigation among relevant institutions.  Additionally, despite regular contact with pregnant IPV victims, HCWs mainly focusing on treating apparent obstetric complications and/or visible trauma.

This thesis adds knowledge to the Ethiopian society of the complex social ecologic risk factors of IPV in pregnancy and how IPV directly impacts the use of ANC during pregnancy. It also highlights the perceptions and attitude of HCWs and different community stakeholders towards IPV in pregnancy. Together these four papers provide invaluable information when planning a cross-sectoral community intervention mitigating IPV and its impact on women and children. 

Additional information

Contact the research support staff.

Published Sep. 2, 2021 12:15 PM - Last modified Sep. 9, 2021 9:43 AM