The PersoniCAT Project
Supporting specialized psychiatric care in remote areas: A computer-adaptive interview for the assessment of personality pathology.
About the project
The goal of this project is to develop an adaptive instrument for assessing personality disorders. The instrument that we are developing is based on principles of computerized adaptive testing. This means that the instrument is governed by an algorithm and adapted real-time, so that only the questions that are relevant and contribute important information needed to make the diagnosis are selected. Using the adaptive algorithm will allow for delivering a relatively short, yet precise, personalized test; while ensuring adequate content coverage.
We aim to develop an instrument that will be more intuitive to use than the current generation of semi-structured interviews. Over the last 18 months, we developed and tested different algorithms that could guide the selection of questions during test administration, and compared their performance using simulated data. The best performing algorithm will be implemented in the final version of the adaptive test. In addition, we interviewed Norwegian clinicians about their experience with diagnostic instruments for personality disorders. The focus was on identifying the strengths and weaknesses of these instruments; allowing us to take these into account when developing our adaptive test - which we want to be as user-friendly as possible.
Muirne C. S. Paap, PhD, Researcher, Department of Research and Innovation, Clinic Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital; and Associate Professor, Department of Child and Family Welfare, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
E-mail: Muirne C. S. Paap – email@example.com
- Aleksander Heltne, PhD student, Department of Research and Innovation, Clinic Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital.
- Sara Germans Selvik, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Mental Health, NTNU, and psychiatrist and department manager at Namsos hospital.
- Benjamin Hummelen, PhD, psychiatrist and chief physician, Department of Research and Innovation, Clinic Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital.
- Niek Frans, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Pedagogy, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
- Johan Braeken, Professor, Center for Educational Measurement, University of Oslo.
- Christina Bode, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Health & Technology, Faculty of Behavioral Management and Social Science, University of Twente, The Netherlands.
- Bernard Veldkamp, Professor, Department of Learning Data and Technology, Faculty of Behavioral Management and Social Science, University of Twente, The Netherlands.
- Geir Pedersen, PhD, senior researcher, Oslo University Hospital.
Erik Falkum, PhD, Professor Emeritus, University of Oslo.
Norwegian Research Council.
Paap, M. C. S., Heltne, A., Pedersen, G., Germans Selvik, S., Frans, N., Wilberg, T., & Hummelen, B. (2021). More is more: Evidence for the incremental value of the SCID-II/SCID-5-PD specific factors over and above a general personality disorder factor. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000426
Hummelen, B., Braeken, J., Buer Christensen, T., Nysaeter, T. E., Germans Selvik, S., Walther, K., Pedersen, G., Eikenaes, I., Paap, M. C. S. (2021). A Psychometric Analysis of the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders Module I (SCID-5-AMPD-I): Level of Personality Functioning Scale. Assessment. 2021;28(5):1320-1333. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191120967972
Heltne, A., Bode, C., Hummelen, B., Falkum, E., Germans Selvik, S., Paap, M. C. S. (2021). Norwegian Clinicians’ Experiences of Learnability and Usability of SCID-II, SCID-5-PD and SCID-5-AMPD-I Interviews: A Sequential Multi-Group Qualitative Approach. Journal of Personality Assessment: 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2021.1975726
Paap, M. C. S., Hummelen, B., Braeken, J., Arnevik, E. A., Walderhaug, E., Wilberg, T., Berghuis, H., Hutsebaut, J., & Pedersen, G. (2021). A multi-center psychometric evaluation of the Severity Indices of Personality Problems 118 (SIPP-118): Do we really need all those facets? Quality of Life Research, 30(2), 567-575. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-020-02654-8
Braeken, J., & Paap, M. C. S. (2020). Making Fixed-Precision Between-Item Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Tests Even Shorter by Reducing the Asymmetry Between Selection and Stopping Rules. Applied Psychological Measurement, 44(7-8), 531-547. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146621620932666