Selvmord blant voksne i alderen 40-64 år
Blant voksne i alderen 40-64 år er selvmord en av de hyppigste dødsårsakene, hele 47 % av de som døde i selvmord i Norge i 2016 var i denne aldersgruppen. Likevel er forskning og forebyggingsfokus i større grad rettet mot andre aldersgrupper.
Derfor har International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) initiert en gruppe som NSSFs professor Ping Qin leder i samarbeid med Paul Yip og David Gunnell: Special Interest Group on Suicide and self-harm in middle aged adults. Målet er å få økt kunnskap om selvmord og selvskading blant mennesker i aldersgruppen 40-64 år.
Foto: Jeremy Perkins
Nærmere beskrivelse av gruppens fokus: "Middle adulthood, defined as the time between ages 40 to 64 years old, is generally a period of good physical health but is marked by heavy personal, social and familial obligations and responsibilities. People in middle adulthood continue to develop relationships and adapt to the transitional changes in relationships that may be the interacting with growing and grown children and aging parents. Social involvement is fairly common of this stage of adulthood, as well as continued career development. While physical and mental capacity begins to decline, the middle aged might become more sensitive to stress and health problems. Suicide and suicidal behavior in middle adulthood are thus often associated with the trials and tribulations experienced by this specific age group and related to personal reasons and brought on by situational factors.
Suicides and non-fatal self-harm in middle-aged adults contribute to a large proportion of potential years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death in society, regardless of country and region. At the same time, suicide and self-harming behavior of middle-aged adults could have a profound and persisting influence on family relatives of three generations: children, spouse and siblings, and parents.
There is little to debate that suicide and self-harm in middle-aged adults should receive increased awareness and investment of research and prevention. The proposed SIG will aim to initiate activities focusing on this."