A newly published result based on data from Nepalese inpatients receiving treatment for alcohol-related problems show that early debut to alcohol consumption, hazardous drinking and delayed treatment seeking are common in Nepal. Nepalese society has ambivalent attitude towards alcohol consumption- people high in the caste system have a social taboo about drinking, whereas use of alcoholic beverages is banal in the lower castes. The current study identified subtle differences between these groups. Notwithstanding taboo, people from the higher castes, and those high in socio-economic stratum were found to over-represent alcohol-treatment populations.
A newly published result based on data from Nepalese inpatients receiving treatment for alcohol-related problems show that depression in alcohol-dependent individuals is related to altered immune functioning. However, frequent and intense drinking could attenuate the raised levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the group with depression history. These results suggest the role of immune activation in depression disorder, but also an active interaction of alcohol-use severity in this relationship.
Statusrapporten for 2013 er nå ferdig og kan lastes ned.
Noen overdosedødsfall kan være selvmord. To slike situasjoner analyseres i denne studien. Livsomstendighetene det siste året var preget av stadige kriser, negative fysiske forandringer, endrede relasjoner til andre og seg selv, samt av mangel på tilgang til hjelp som svarte til behovene. Studien antyder viktigheten av at fagfolk inntar en deltkaerposisjon i forhold til personer med rusproblemer og bidrar til å skape håp.
Background: Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is associated with reduced crime among heroin users, but little is known about how crime changes during different phases of treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in criminal convictions on a day-to-day basis before and after entry or discharge from OMT.
Statusrapporten for 2012 er nå ferdig og kan lastes ned.
Aims: Skog's theory of collective drinking behaviour implies that countries with a strict informal social control of drinking alcohol would not exhibit ‘collective displacement’ of consumption (a linear association between population mean consumption and percentile values across the full range of the distribution), as do countries with less informal social control. This paper aimed to test this hypothesis by examining the alcohol consumption distributions in African countries with a strong informal control of alcohol.
Background: To investigate factors associated with involuntary admissions to hospital pursuant to a social services act of patients with substance use disorder by comparing the socio-demographic characteristics, substance use, and psychiatric comorbidities with voluntarily admitted patients.
Abstract: We reviewed the literature and found 31 adult cases and 1 newborn case of methadone-associated QTc interval prolongation and/or torsade de pointes (TdP).
Background: Due to limited reporting of intervention rationale, little is known about what distinguishes a good intervention from a poor one. To support improved design, there is a need for comprehensive reports on novel and complex theory-based interventions. Specifically, the emerging trend of just-in-time tailoring of content in response to change in target behavior or emotional state is promising.
Aims: To assess demographic characteristics, treatment utilization and circumstances of death among those who died from drug-induced deaths in an urban setting and to identify possible subpopulations that should be targeted specifically to further develop preventive public health policies.
Background/Aims: Some patients on opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) leave treatment temporarily or permanently. This study investigated whether patients interrupting their OMT differed from non-interrupters in sociodemographic and drug-use characteristics and examined acute/sub-acute somatic morbidity among the interrupters, prior to, during, and after OMT.
Research on treatments for patients with co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders is of core importance and at the same time highly challenging as it includes patients that are normally excluded from clinical studies
BACKGROUND: In Norway, most opioid-dependent women are in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) with either methadone or buprenorphine throughout pregnancy. The inclusion criteria for both medications are the same and both medications are provided by the same health professionals in any part of the country. International studies comparing methadone and buprenorphine in pregnancy have shown differing neonatal outcomes for the two medications.
Bakgrunn. Legemiddelassistert rehabilitering (LAR) er en tverrfaglig trepartsmodell for behandling av opioidavhengighet. Modellen forutsetter samhandling mellom allmennlegene, sosialtjenesten og spesialisthelsetjenesten. Den innskrenker i noen grad legenes faglige autonomi. Undersøkelsen tar sikte på å undersøke fastlegers holdninger til modellen og spesielt erfaringene til dem som har deltatt aktivt i den.
AIM: The aim of this study was to develop definitions to identify persons with clinically different patterns of persistent opioid use based on data from prescription databases.
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to investigate the prevalence of psychotropic (hypnotic, antidepressant, and anxiolytic) drug use among adolescents aged 15-16 years during the period 2006-2010 according to gender and subcategories of psychotropics, and to study psychotropic drug use over the period 2007-2010 among incident users in 2007.
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between mental distress, other factors, and subsequent use of psychotropic drugs in adolescents aged 15-16 years.
AIMS: The current study examines the relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and antidepressant prescription among young adults and investigates mechanisms that could explain such a potential social gradient.
BACKGROUND: During opioid treatment of cancer pain, constipation is one of the most prevalent and bothersome side effects. Guidelines suggest that treatment with laxatives should be initiated when opioid therapy is started.
AIMS: To examine associations of abstention, alcohol consumption and problem drinking with subsequent disability pensioning (DP), and whether previous excessive consumption ('sick-quitting') could explain some of the increased risk for DP among abstainers.
Aims: There is a scarcity of data on mental health problems among Sudanese internally displaced persons (IDPs). This study aims to assess the prevalence of mental disorders of IDPs in Sudan, and to determine and compare the association between mental disorders and socio-demographic variables between the rural and urban long-term IDP populations.