Publikasjoner - Side 6

Background: Open drug scenes are gatherings of drug users who publicly consume and deal drugs. The authors conducted a study of five European cities that have met such scenes constructively. The aim was to investigate shared and non-shared interventions and strategies in order to increase the understanding of this type of problem.

Background: Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is regarded as a crime control measure. Yet, some individuals are charged with violent criminal offenses while enrolled in OMT. This article aims to generate nuanced knowledge about violent crime among a group of imprisoned, OMT-enrolled individuals by exploring their understandings of the role of substances in violent crime prior to and during OMT, moral values related to violent crime, and post-crime processing of their moral transgressions.

A newly published result based on data from Nepalese inpatients receiving treatment for alcohol-related problems show that early debut to alcohol consumption, hazardous drinking and delayed treatment seeking are common in Nepal. Nepalese society has ambivalent attitude towards alcohol consumption- people high in the caste system have a social taboo about drinking, whereas use of alcoholic beverages is banal in the lower castes. The current study identified subtle differences between these groups. Notwithstanding taboo, people from the higher castes, and those high in socio-economic stratum were found to over-represent alcohol-treatment populations.

A newly published result based on data from Nepalese inpatients receiving treatment for alcohol-related problems show that depression in alcohol-dependent individuals is related to altered immune functioning. However, frequent and intense drinking could attenuate the raised levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the group with depression history. These results suggest the role of immune activation in depression disorder, but also an active interaction of alcohol-use severity in this relationship.

Noen overdosedødsfall kan være selvmord. To slike situasjoner analyseres i denne studien. Livsomstendighetene det siste året var preget av stadige kriser, negative fysiske forandringer, endrede relasjoner til andre og seg selv, samt av mangel på tilgang til hjelp som svarte til behovene. Studien antyder viktigheten av at fagfolk inntar en deltkaerposisjon i forhold til personer med rusproblemer og bidrar til å skape håp.

Aims: Skog's theory of collective drinking behaviour implies that countries with a strict informal social control of drinking alcohol would not exhibit ‘collective displacement’ of consumption (a linear association between population mean consumption and percentile values across the full range of the distribution), as do countries with less informal social control. This paper aimed to test this hypothesis by examining the alcohol consumption distributions in African countries with a strong informal control of alcohol.

Background: Due to limited reporting of intervention rationale, little is known about what distinguishes a good intervention from a poor one. To support improved design, there is a need for comprehensive reports on novel and complex theory-based interventions. Specifically, the emerging trend of just-in-time tailoring of content in response to change in target behavior or emotional state is promising.

Background/Aims: Some patients on opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) leave treatment temporarily or permanently. This study investigated whether patients interrupting their OMT differed from non-interrupters in sociodemographic and drug-use characteristics and examined acute/sub-acute somatic morbidity among the interrupters, prior to, during, and after OMT.

BACKGROUND: In Norway, most opioid-dependent women are in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) with either methadone or buprenorphine throughout pregnancy. The inclusion criteria for both medications are the same and both medications are provided by the same health professionals in any part of the country. International studies comparing methadone and buprenorphine in pregnancy have shown differing neonatal outcomes for the two medications.

Bakgrunn. Legemiddelassistert rehabilitering (LAR) er en tverrfaglig trepartsmodell for behandling av opioidavhengighet. Modellen forutsetter samhandling mellom allmennlegene, sosialtjenesten og spesialisthelsetjenesten. Den innskrenker i noen grad legenes faglige autonomi. Undersøkelsen tar sikte på å undersøke fastlegers holdninger til modellen og spesielt erfaringene til dem som har deltatt aktivt i den.