Public Defence: Kaja Christine Graue Berg
MSc Kaja Christine Graue Berg at Institute of Clinical medicine will be defending the thesis "Integrated genomics of colorectal cancers: Identification of biological and clinical subgroups" for the degree of PhD (Philosophiae Doctor)
Foto: Jarle Bruun
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- First opponent: Professor Karin Jirström, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Sweden
- Second opponent: Researcher Anguraj Sadanandam, The Institute of Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom
- Third member and chair of the evaluation committee: Professor Eirik Frengen, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo
Chair of defence
Professor II Pål Dag Line, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo
Professor II Ragnhild A. Lothe, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer related deaths world-wide, and the incidence is rising. CRCs can be divided into clinically relevant subtypes on both the genomic and transcriptomic levels, but molecular heterogeneity is pronounced even within the subtypes and also within patients, and there are few options for molecularly stratified treatment.
In this work, Kaja C. G. Berg and colleagues have performed integrated multi-level molecular analyses of primary and metastatic CRCs, as well as pre-clinical CRC models, to improve the molecular stratification of the disease. In cell lines they have shown that the primary transcriptomic program, which is related to cancer cell differentiation, is consistent on the gene-, microRNA-, and protein expression levels. Together with delineation of the effects of DNA aberrations on the expression level, such comprehensive molecular profiles of commonly used pre-clinical cancer model systems provide an important resource to the research community.
By integrated DNA copy number and gene expression analyses of primary tumors, the researchers identified novel high-level amplifications, beyond the targetable ERBB2 amplification, with a strong impact on target gene expression. These amplifications were largely mutually exclusive and associated with a poor patient outcome. However, the correlation observed between DNA copy numbers and gene expression varied among the gene expression-based consensus molecular subtypes (CMS). The epithelial-like CMS2 tumors were driven by DNA copy number gains to a much larger extent than remaining CMS groups, suggesting a novel genetic basis for this transcriptomic class.
Surgery is a potentially curative treatment for patients with CRC liver metastases, but there are currently no good patient selection criteria, and only one third of the patients have a long-term survival benefit. Berg and colleagues showed that combined mutational analyses in a tumor heterogeneity setting may improve the prognostic stratification of the patients. Specifically, co-occurring mutations in RAS and TP53 were associated with a poor survival. Analyses of intra-patient inter-metastatic heterogeneity on the DNA copy number level further improved this prognostic stratification, and identified a subgroup of patients with little benefit from invasive surgical treatment.
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