Public Defence: Lars Gunnar Klæboe
Cand.med. Lars Gunnar Klæboe at Institute of Clinical Medicine will be defending the thesis “Strain imaging in aortic stenosis” for the degree of PhD (Philosophiae Doctor).
Trial Lecture – time and place
See Trial Lecture.
- First opponent: Professor Jacob Eifer Møller, Odense University Hospital, Denmark
- Second opponent: Professor Mai Tone Lønnebakken, University of Bergen
- Third member and chair of the evaluation committee: Professor II Arnt Fiane, University of Oslo
Chair of the Defence
Professor II Johny Kongerud, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo
Professor II Thor Edvardsen, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo
Aortic stenosis is a prevalent valvular disease with progressive obstruction of blood flow across the orifice of the aortic valve leading to gradual impairment of myocardial function. Conventional cardiac ultrasound (echocardiography) often recognizes altered myocardial function in later stages of aortic stenosis. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) allows earlier identification of myocardial dysfunction through accurate and sensitive assessment of myocardial performance but has not been fully explored in aortic stenosis. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) causes abrupt hemodynamic changes, but is frequently complicated by left bundle branch block, providing an opportunity to evaluate whether changes in afterload and ventricular conduction affect parameters from STE.
Using STE, we observed prognostically relevant myocardial dysfunction and dyssynchrony in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing open heart surgery, TAVI, or receiving medical treatment. Subtle abnormalities of myocardial function were associated with increased mortality both after TAVI and open surgery. Myocardial dyssynchrony improved after TAVI in patients with unchanged ventricular conduction. TAVI-induced left bundle branch block did not have the typical dyssynchronous activation pattern associated with significant electrical delay, but rather more homogeneous contractions. Overall, our observations provide new insights regarding dyssynchrony, STE and cardiac function in aortic stenosis.
Contact the research support staff.