Digital public defence: Anette Christensen Lie-Jensen
MSc Anette Christensen Lie-Jensen at Institute of Clinical Medicine will be defending the thesis ALIX in cell division in vivo for the degree of PhD (Philosophiae Doctor).
Photo: Frode Roald Lie-Jensen
The public defence will be held as a video conference over Zoom.
The digital defence will follow regular procedure as far as possible, hence it will be open to the public and the audience can ask ex auditorio questions when invited to do so.
Digital trial lecture - time and place
- First opponent: Professor Arnaud Echard, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
- Second opponent: Senior Research Fellow Jeremy Carlton, King’s College London, United Kingdom
- Third member and chair of the evaluation committee: Associate Professor June Helen Myklebust, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo
Chair of defence
Professor II Johanna Olweus, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo
Senior Scientist Kaisa Haglund, Institute for Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital
Cell division is a fundamental process supporting life. Uncontrolled cell division can give rise to tumourigenesis. Knowledge about the molecular mechanisms of cell division is therefore crucial for understanding the inner life of the cell, but also for understanding diseases such as cancer.
Many aspects of cell division remain to be elucidated, but especially how cell division is regulated in a living, multicellular organism is not well understood. To shed light on this essential process in vivo, Anette Lie-Jensen and colleagues used the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, as a model organism.
Lie-Jensen and colleagues showed that the multifunctional scaffold protein ALIX is involved in orienting the mitotic spindle. Correct mitotic spindle orientation is necessary to ensure that cell fate determinants are properly distributed between the two daughter cells, and spindle misorientation can lead to tumourigenesis.
In addition, Lie-Jensen and colleagues studied cytokinetic abscission. Cytokinetic abscission is the physical separation of the newly formed daughter cells. ALIX is known to be involved in this process in human cells, and the work done in this thesis showed that ALIX promotes cytokinetic abscission in a multicellular context in Drosophila, and thus that its role in abscission is evolutionarily conserved.
Enveloped viruses take advantage of cellular machineries to bud through and abscise from the plasma membrane of the infected cell. ALIX is known to be involved in this process. Lie-Jensen and colleagues discovered that ALIX is recruited to the midbody during cytokinetic abscission in Drosophila via an analogous mechanism as during virus budding in human cells.
Taken together, Lie-Jensen and colleagues have identified that ALIX plays an important role in both early and late phases of cell division in vivo. This work has thus shed light on how cells divide in a living organism, knowledge relevant for understanding diseases such as cancer.
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