New article: How well do brain organoids capture your brain?
Gareth Sullivan has co-authored a perspective article of how current brain organoid models recapitulate the brain in many facets.
Brain organoids closely recapitulate many features and characteristics of in vivo brain tissue. This technology in turn allows unprecedented possibilities to investigate brain development and function in the dish. Several brain organoid protocols have been established, and the studies have focused on validating the architecture, cellular composition, and function of the organoids. In future, the improved and advanced organoid models will enable us to understand cellular and molecular features of the developing brain. However, several obstacles, such as the quality of the organoids, 3D structural analysis, and measurement of the neural connectivity need to be improved. In this perspective, we will provide an overview of the current state of the art of the brain organoid field, with a focus on protocols and organoid characterization. Additionally, we will address the current limitations of this evolving field, provide an understanding of the current brain organoid landscape and insight towards the next steps.
Link to full article: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2589004221000316