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Thesis requirements

The thesis must be an independent, scientific work that meets international standards with regard to ethical requirements, academic standards and methodology.

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Thesis requirements

The thesis must contribute to the development of new scientific knowledge and must be of sufficiently high quality to merit publication as part of the scientific literature in the field.

Article-based theses

A compilation of several shorter papers may be approved as a thesis provided that the papers are related and the relationship between them is clearly explained.

Published papers cannot be accepted as part of a doctoral thesis if the publication date precedes the candidate's date of admission by more than 5 years.

A work or a part of a work that has been approved as the basis for previous examinations or degrees is not eligible for evaluation, see § 10.2 of the Regulations and Supplementary rules.


The overall presentation of scientific results must be an independent scientific document in which the candidate has the opportunity to elaborate and if necessary correct aspects of the articles. It must show a thorough grasp of scientific perspectives and maturity as well as the ability to investigate specialised scientific issues, see § 10.1 of the Supplementary rules pertaining to the Regulations.

According to the Guidelines for doctoral theses consisting of several shorter works (in Norwegian), the presentation of the scientific results should not only summarize but also compare the research questions and conclusions presented in the articles in a holistic perspective, and in that way document the thesis’ interrelationship. This includes a presentation of the thesis’ contribution to the research field.

If the thesis contains previously published articles, the presentation should also contain academic updates to ensure that the thesis as a whole appears academically updated. Alternatively, updates can be done for each article.


Unpublished monographs can also be approved as theses for the PhD degree.

Unpublished monographs are assessed according to the same criteria as those used when assessing a collection of published articles with presentation, i.e. the minimum standards of scientific quality are the same.

Thesis template

  • The Faculty does not provide a thesis template. We recommend that you look at earlier doctoral theses in Duo for information about layout.

Choice of reference style

Publicising the thesis

Guidelines for the evaluation of Norwegian doctoral degrees

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Published Apr. 22, 2015 8:22 AM - Last modified Mar. 2, 2021 11:41 AM