Technology Adoption in Primary Health Care
HERO WP 2020/4: Tor Iversen, Ching-to Albert Ma
We study primary care physicians’ prevention and monitoring technology adoption. Physicians are assumed to decide to adopt based on benefits and costs, which depend on payment incentives, educational assistance, and market characteristics. The empirical study uses national Norwegian register and physician claims data between 2009 and 2014. In 2006, a new annual comprehensive checkup for Type 2 diabetic patients was introduced. A physician collects a fee for each checkup. In 2013, an education assistance program was introduced in two Norwegian counties. We estimate adoption decisions by two-part and fixed-effect regressions, and hazard models. We use a difference-in-difference model to estimate the education program impact. Adoptions are positively associated with a physician’s number of diabetic patients, and the fraction of physician-adopters in the same market. Fixed-effect estimations and separate analyses of physicians who have moved between municipalities causally support a peer effect. The education program has a strongly positive effect.
JEL-Classification: I11, I18, O31
Keywords: primary care, technology, monitoring, incentives, education program