Defence: Panagiota Mantaka - Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas
MD Panagiota Mantaka at Institute of Clinical Medicine will be defending the thesis Folliculotropic mycosis fungoides: A clinicopathologic, immunohistochemic and immunogenetic analysis for the degree of PhD.
Trial lecture - time and Place
See trial lecture.
- 1st opponent: Professor Stadler Rudolf, University Medical Center Minden
- 2nd opponent: Associate Professor Lars Helgeland, University of Bergen
- Committee Chair: Adjunct Professor Berit Flatø, University of Oslo
Chair of the defence
Associate Professor June Myklebust,
Dr. Jan Delabie
Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) are a diverse group of lymphoproliferative diseases each of which is characterized by distinct clinical and histopathologic features. Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common CTCL. Within MF, subtypes of the disease are also recognized. Folliculotropic mycosis fungoides (FMF) is a subtype characterized by more pronounced involvement of skin appendages and importantly, has been reported to be associated with a worse prognosis than conventional MF. The pathogenesis of CTCL, including MF remains unclear. Even less is known about FMF.
Clinical and histopathologic findings of a Norwegian series of patients with FMF and of a control group with MF were described to explore the differences between FMF and MF. Further, T-cell receptor gene (TR) rearrangement analysis of skin biopsies of FMF patients obtained from different anatomic sites at time of diagnosis or during the course of disease was performed to investigate whether the disease arises from one or potentially multiple T-cell clones. Lastly, the amino acid sequence of the rearranged TR gene and the antigen-presenting cell subsets were studied in FMF and compared to that of MF to find potential evidence of selection by particular antigens.
Our study confirmed the distinct clinical and histopathologic features of FMF. Also, multiple T-cell clones were found in FMF during the course of the disease. This finding was an indication that chronic T-cell stimulation may be involved in the pathogenesis of FMF. Further TR sequence analysis showed a restricted TRBJ gene usage (TRBJ2-1, TRBJ2-7) with a recurrent EQ(Y/F)F amino acid motif. The EQ(Y/F)F motif is reported to be associated with T cells that are activated by lipid antigens through presentation by cluster of differentiation 1 molecules (CD1) on dendritic cells. A potential role for lipid antigen-stimulation in FMF was further corroborated by demonstrating an abundance of CD1c-expressing dendritic cells in FMF.
Future functional tests using tetramers will be required to ultimately prove lipid antigen-stimulation presented through CD1 lipids in FMF. The study of potential CD1-antigen restriction in FMF, and perhaps MF, is important in view of possible new therapeutic options, such as anti-CD1 antibodies.
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